Understanding What a Hip Replacement Surgery is All About

Hip Replacement Surgery

The hip joint is one of the largest joints in the body and is a major weight-bearing joint. Hip replacement surgery in Mexico, or arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the damaged parts of the hip joint are detached and interchanged with new, artificial parts. The goal of hip replacement surgery in Mexico is to increase mobility by relieving pain and progress the role of the hip joint.

Anatomy of the Hip

Your hip joint—ball and socket—comprises of the hip socket (part of the pelvic bone) and the upper end of the thighbone (femoral head). The thighbone has a ball-shaped knob on the end that fits into a socket formed in the hipbone. A smooth cushion of shiny white articular cartilage covers the femoral head and the acetabulum. The articular cartilage is kept slippery by fluid made in the synovial membrane—joint lining. Since the cartilage is smooth and slippery, the bones move against each other easily and without pain.

The stability in the hip begins with a deep socket—the acetabulum. Additional stability is provided by the strong joint capsule and its surrounding muscles and ligaments. Nerves and vessels supply the muscles and bones of the hip.

Anatomic Terms

Anterior — the front side of the hip

Posterior — the back side of the hip

Medial — the side of the hip closest to the spine

Lateral — the side of the hip farthest from the spine

What is causing my Hip Pain?

It is not uncommon for individuals to endure a hip Injury or disease in their lifetime, which can damage the hip in numerous ways. This damage can ultimately lead to broken or deteriorated bones, irritated or worn cartilage. The most common cause of hip pain is osteoarthritis (OA), a degenerative joint disease that causes the cushioning cartilage in your joints to break down, allowing the bones to grind on one another, and causing severe pain.

Osteoarthritis is typically indicated through factors, such as the development and progression of OA, tipped off by aging, obesity, joint injuries, and a family history of arthritis. Patients with osteoarthritis make good candidates for hip replacement surgery in Mexico.

Other causes of Hip Pain:

Rheumatoid arthritis—autoimmune disease in which the synovial membrane becomes inflamed and thickened. This chronic inflammation can damage the cartilage, leading to pain and stiffness.

Avascular necrosis—a serious hip injury or fracture may result in a condition called avascular necrosis (osteonecrosis). As a result, the surrounding cartilage begins to deteriorate, producing pain and other symptoms.

Fractures—age, disease, and being a woman increase your chances of fracturing a hip. Once you reach age 50, the odds increase significantly and double every five to six years thereafter.

Osteoporosis—the bone in your hip is living tissue and is continuously being absorbed into your body and then replaced. When bone is no longer replaced as quickly as it is absorbed, the density or mass of the bone is reduced, resulting in porous bone.

Childhood Hip Disease— sometimes infants and children have hip problems. Even though the problems are successfully treated during childhood, they may still cause arthritis later on in life. This happens because the hip may not grow normally, and the joint surfaces are affected.